All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. Jesus taught His disciples, when faced with opposition and resistance, simply to walk away: “And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (Matthew 10:14). O Prophet! The “absolute imperative” (Rahman, 1979, p. 22) of Islam is the submission/conversion of the whole world. Hunting for the Word of God. The main difference, I believe, is that the New Testament is not the exact word of God, as opposed to the Quran. Indeed, the final verse of Surah 2 calls upon Allah to give Muslims “victory over the disbelieving folk” (vs. 286), rendered by Rodwell: “give us victory therefore over the infidel nations.” That this stance by the Quran was to be expected is evident from the formulation of the Second Pledge of Aqabah, in which the men pledged their loyalty and their commitment to protecting Muhammad from all opponents. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel his people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse that killing. So the validity of any religion is determined ultimately not by the imperfect, inaccurate practice of the religion by even a majority of its adherents, but by the official authority or standard upon which it is based, i.e., its Scriptures. However, the Quran depicts Mary as the only woman who talks to the divine, when she speaks to the angel Gabriel before her conception of Jesus through “the divine breath” (Quran 66:12). However, with the arrival of New Testament Christianity—an international religion intended for all persons without regard to ethnicity or nationality—God has assigned to civil government (not the church or the individual) the responsibility of regulating secular behavior. We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. O ye who believe! added). Killing and destruction are referenced slightly more often in the New Testament than in the Quran (2.8% vs. 2.1%), but the Old Testament clearly leads—more than twice that of the Quran… Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. One suspects that, at the time, the technical distinction escaped the citizens of those conquered countries, even as it surely does the reader. We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve. When the Prophet confided a fact unto one of his wives and when she afterward divulged it and Allah apprised him thereof, he made known (to her) part thereof and passed over part. The Quran unquestionably endorses violence, war, and armed conflict. Hence, even when a scribe might make a mistake that is obvious, the following scribes would … The Qur'an is one book. Early multiple sources 3. There are numerous events that occur in both but may be told differently just as there are the same people mentioned but looked at from a different perspective. But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. Early multiple sources 3. Brooks, Geraldine (1995), Nine Parts of Desire (New York, NY: Anchor Books). Lings, pp. And though under normal circumstances, fighting is not appropriate during sacred months, killing was warranted against those who sought to prevent Muslims from practicing their religion. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. Allah is ever High Exalted, Great (Surah 4:34; cf. Another surah describes how allowances respecting the daily prayers were to be made for Muhammad’s Muslim warriors when engaged in military action: And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. The one generally preferred by Muslim commentators speaks of Hafsah finding the Prophet in her room with Mariyah—the Coptic girl given to Muhammad by the ruler of Egypt, who became the mother of his only son, Ibrahim—on a day that, according to his customary rotation among his wives, was assigned to A’ishah. I also read an observation from Ehrman that the Quran scribes may have done a much better job at preserving the Quran word for word. 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